We dogs formed family packs similar to what you’d call a clan, but they were led by the eldest female. Disputes were settled with baseball or some other agreed upon contest. We didn’t have a central government or single ruler.
We also formed clubs organized around a central purpose, like playing baseball. Examples of these were the eight baseball clubs of Barkingburgh. It was typical for a dog to belong to one club, but not two.
Our loose organization was difficult for the other species to understand. An agreement with one family pack didn’t apply to another. This caused the old disputes with the cats. They’d negotiate with a dog they assumed to have authority, never realizing the mutt only had authority over her own pack or club.